TOYO MODEL UNITED NATIONS
World Food Programme
ABOUT THE WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME
The World Food Programme (WFP) is one of the world's largest humanitarian organizations created with the aim to combat hunger and contribute to restoring peace through food assistance and resilience building. A part of the United Nations (UN) framework, WFP is usually the first one on the field to provide food aid to those affected by war, civil conflict, drought, hurricanes, crop failures and natural disasters, as well as pandemics such as the global outbreak of COVID-19. At the same time, WFP keeps a sharp focus on sustainable development, providing governments with the support and skills to manage food security in the long term.
The Programme was established in 1961 after the 1960 Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) Conference, and commenced work by voluntary pledges from participating countries in the form of commodities, cash or services such as shipping.
The body is governed by the WFP Executive Board, which is comprised of 36 Member States and provides intergovernmental support, direction and supervision of WFP’s activities. Those activities include but not limited to: food assistance – supplied directly to families or individuals, in kind or as cash; country capacity strengthening – by means of support for national stakeholders (whether governments or civil society) to develop and implement Zero Hunger strategies; and lastly, South-South and triangular cooperation – which is the facilitation of exchange of experience, knowledge, policy support, cash or in-kind contributions.
The organization's direction is defined in its Strategic Plan, which is renewed every four years. The 2022–25 Strategic Plan expresses WFP 's commitment to the 2030 Agenda, with a focus on ceasing hunger, and supporting the United Nations' endeavors to help countries respond to the urgent needs of those furthest behind and attain the Sustainable Development Goals. Principally, WFP`s operations are funded by voluntary donations from world governments, corporations and private donors.
In conclusion, the World Food Programme is dedicated to granting timely response to emergencies as well as building a long-term food security. On top of that, the organization is faced with global challenges such as climate change and raging humanitarian crises in Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Syria, and Ukraine.
Building state resilience within the global food supply chain
Over the last few years, global food systems have been disrupted by conflict, economic shocks, climate change, and the COVID-19 pandemic, increasing global food insecurity and malnutrition. The continuous functioning of food supply chains is essential to ensure stable and sustainable food flow for all. This can be achieved by making food supply chains more resilient. WFP delegates are challenged to suggest effective policies to ensure the governments' preparedness for unexpected supply chain disruptions. Debate can evolve to comprise food shortages in world's poorest areas instigated by the conflict in Ukraine.